Understanding how the parts on your bike fit together will help you perform maintenance tasks successfully. Although your bike may differ from the modern mountain bike (below; high-rez image here), all bikes fit together in a similar way. For example, the quick-release levers on the wheels below perform the same function as axle nuts on a bike with hub gears.
The main parts and their components, and where each part is attached to the bike, are shown on the mountain bike. Take the time to study the illustration, since it will act as a useful reference to help you follow various maintenance and tutorial guides on this web site.
We'll use the mountain bike, depicted below, as a good example of how parts fit together -- its frame, wheels, drivetrain, pedals, derailleurs, brakes, and gear -- shift levers are generally similar to those of road and hybrid bikes.
AN ASSEMBLED BIKE
Bike parts are designed to bolt together in the same way to allow straightforward maintenance by following a few key workshop principles. Most parts use Allen bolts, so for many tasks an Allen key multi-tool is all that is required.
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